There are numerous essays on poverty concentrated on covering the material about economic development in different countries. Here you can find the same information but simpler for your understanding.
Before starting the topic let’s begin our essay on poverty by defining the word “poverty”. If you look through different essays about poverty you can find almost identical definitions. It is the state of being economically poor followed the lack of shelter, health care and common literacy. According to Wikipedia poverty is the general scarcity, dearth, or the state of one who lacks a certain amount of material possessions or money.
Speaking about poorness we must distinguish between the concepts of relative and absolute poverty. Relative poverty is the life conditions of population occupying a lower level of income and wealth than average. Absolute poverty is the life conditions that are typical of people who do not have the goods and possessions such as food, clothing, housing which are necessary for human existence.
So, what are the causes of poverty? One of them is illiteracy. Low educational level can be observed in such countries as Mali, Niger, Ethiopia. The main problem of it is the absence of elementary and even secondary schools there. Certain amount of poor people appears as a result of lack of education.
The next and one of the main causes of poverty can be weak economy that occurs because of crisis and insufficient amount of resources. Countries of Latin America, Asia and Africa have such problems.
The lack of technological progress is also the reason for poverty. Mexico, countries of Africa and Latin America face the problem of deficient innovations in technology.
Another significant cause of poverty is the growth of the population in the world. Taking India as the example, we can see that its population is critically growing. This country cannot produce enough food to feed even half of its citizens.
We can also mention here civil wars also causing poverty. Victims of these wars are citizens who suffer from plunder and violence. The most unprotected civilians are children, women and old people. The result of civil wars is appearing of poor people and hunger.
Poverty is characteristic for nearly whole world. And we can name it as the main problem of the Third world countries which include Africa, Asia, Latin America. They are united by the same problems and considered to be economically the weakest. There are several facts that can help us to define the level of development of the Third world countries. High growth of population aids to a low level of income. Although increasing number of citizens is not a negative factor of economic development but new jobs are not offered and this leads to unemployment. Third world countries depend on agricultural industry and have low level of technological progress. That is why people use natural resources irrationally so it can run out completely. Most of developing countries are characterized by the low life level comparing as to developed countries so to a rich population of their own one. There is such term as international level of poverty which refers to any person living on less than two dollar per day. Level of extreme poverty concerns anyone surviving with less than one dollar per day. Overwhelming majority of the population of the Third world countries lives by these standards. Citizens look for higher quality of life and better opportunities. That is why emigration to developed countries is widespread there. Immigrants of the poorest countries of Africa, Asia, Latin America arrived to wealthier countries are satisfied with minimum income which is higher dozens and even hundreds of times than the minimum of his native country.
Poverty in developed countries should be mentioned here too. Let’s take America as the example. Although it is a developed country with high technological innovations, over 47 million Americans have status of the poor. The number of homeless children increase every year. More than half of students are unable to buy lunch at the canteen. One-third of families live with incomes below 60 percent of the average income in the country. Despite these facts about Americans who suffer poverty have governmental support. Citizens with the lowest level of income receive different types of social care. They get free food and clothes. More than 90 percent of officially poor people have their own housing. Almost all of them have a car; surely not the new one but good enough to use it. American government gives a chance to escape the poverty. It helps every person who needs education and employment.
Although such differences between poverty in developing and developed countries exists it has to be eluded. The question of solving the problem of poverty bothers every single country in the world. There is no opportunity to get rid of poorness at once. But we can mention some ways and solutions to minimize the number of poor people. The first step of making the progress in countries’ economy is to improve international relationships with developed countries. Next way deals with the education system. Countries, which confront the problem of insufficient number of schools, should produce conditions that can help children to get education. Evolving innovational technologies can help to avoid poverty and hunger. At the same time governmental support and assistance is really important in poverty reduction. That is why poor people should be provided by socio-economical arrangements, directed towards increase of their involvement in labor activity of the country. But still the main problem that must be solved is increasing number of population that compelled to live on less than one dollar per day.
Concluding it all poverty, hunger and illiteracy are the main international problems that must be solved. I should also mention that improving economical development, innovational technologies and population income are the most meaningful goals of nowadays. Although poverty as a global problem cannot be completely eliminated it is possible to decrease its level. Developing countries just need social programs and the international support and help of great developed brothers.
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The Causes of Poverty in the Developing World Essay
539 Words3 Pages
The Causes of Poverty in the Developing World
Many LDC¡¦s have been badly affected by wars. There have been many civil wars in Africa, caused by European empire-building in the nineteenth century. Several African races were joined into one country, but half a race was left in another country. These countries were still artificial countries after they achieved independence. One race was often badly treated by the ruling race, which resulted in civil war. This also happened in Europe since the various parts of Yugoslavia were given independence. LDC¡¦s also suffer from wars between different countries, such as: Ethiopia and Somalia, Afghanistan and Russia. There are wars caused by corruption and political differences too, for example:…show more content…
These natural disasters are earthquakes, floods, droughts and volcanic eruptions. Thousands of homes and acres of precious farmland can be destroyed by an earthquake or a flood. If there is no rain, the crops will not grow unless the farmers have the wealth to sink wells, install pumps and organise an irrigation system.
Most LDC¡¦s are forced to borrow money from the banks of developed countries to survive and begin to develop. These banks charge interest, so that a less developed country has to pay more in interest than it earns in foreign currency. In the early 70¡¦s, Chile borrowed 3.9 billion dollars. By 1982, Chile had paid 12.8 billion dollars in interest and still owed money.
The extra 9 billion dollars should have been used to speed up Chile¡¦s development, but instead it went to countries that are already rich.
The only way for many LDC¡¦s to make enough money for their debts is to grow cash crops. Cash crops are grown to be sold rather than consumption. Cotton, Coffee, tea and tobacco are grown to sell to the developed world. Many people in LDC¡¦s are starving because land is used to grown cash crops instead of food.
World poverty concerns us all as we depend on each other. For example, if we want the Sudanese to grow cotton for our clothes, we must make sure they have enough food to survive on.
The causes of poverty in the modern world
Here are three new and worrying causes of poverty:
„h The World markets