Historical And Theoretical Perspectives On Teaching Reading Essays

"A state-of-the-art compendium of interdisciplinary understandings of how we best learn history."

-Leon Fink,professor of history, University of Illinois at Chicago; Vice President, Teaching Division, AHA

"A remarkable intellectual synthesis by the key people who have made history education a very new field, linking practice, theory and historical perspective."

-William Weber,editor of The History Teacher

"Knowing, Teaching, and Learning History examines the current state of history education by exploring the connections between the historical discipline, learning theory, and classroom practice. This interdisciplinary collection of articles addresses recent developments in the theory and practice of history education by scrutinizing how historical narratives are learned and what disciplinary practices and habits of mind facilitate historical understanding. Contributions by historians, teacher educators, educational psychologists, and classroom teachers bridge institutional boundaries and explore history education from elementary schools to university classrooms."

-Loretta Sullivan Lobes,Executive Director, National History Education Network, Carnegie Mellon University

"This is not a static voyage; rather, it is one that will take the interested reader on a wonderful journey of discovery and reexamination. . . . Captured within its pages, Knowing provides an educational framework that anchors the discipline and centers its impact upon society."

-Canadian Social Studies

"The 22 useful and engaging essays in this book represent leading work in the scholarship of teaching and learning related to history. The collection is a valuable effort. Hopefully these essays will do much to bridge the gap between historians, teacher educators, and teachers."

-Teaching History

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Theoretical Perspectives in Education Essay

1289 Words6 Pages

Theories provide the foundation for educational practices, and many of them exist. While I consider my personal theory or philosophy of education to be one that is something of an ever-changing conglomerate of ideas, I realize that some of my guiding principals are directly attributed to well a well established theory. Three main theories of education exist: behavioral, constructivist, and cognitive. I find myself ideologically aligned most closely with the constructivist approach, yet for reasons to be explored later in this document, find the theory one that can only offer guidance for my actions as a teacher a portion of the time I am working with students. Constructivism means students don’t just absorb information and understand…show more content…

Dewey and Vygotsky both believed that teachers should act as guides for students, helping students through the learning process to make meaning of their world, though Vygotsky with his zone of proximal development theory was more optimistic than Piaget or Dewey about how much a child’s learning could be helped or encouraged by the social setting of peers and adults (Gallagher). The benefits of constructivism for teachers and learners, in an ideal setting include focusing on students allowing students the time and opportunity to investigate big ideas, and along the way helping them to understand concepts and skills, rather than just memorizing and regurgitating facts or ideas. Constructivism engages students’ natural curiosities to help them find answers to the questions inherent in their minds (Constructivism). Intrinsic motivation would be expected to be high when students are provided the freedom to choose their course of learning and given the time to investigate until questions are answered. The great challenge for constructivism is that the world in which students and teachers interact is not utopian. Students come to class with predetermined ideas about a course, or with personal needs that distract from attention from the classroom experience. Some students are not willing or able to interact with peers due to emotional issues, thus

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