Short Essay on Personality!
In daily life the term personality is very freely used by people with different meanings. Some people refer to the physical appearance like height, weight, colour, body built, dress, voice, etc. Some other people refer to intellectual qualities like intelligence, activeness, way of speech, thinking and reasoning abilities, etc.
It is also referred to social characteristics like sociability, generosity, kindness, reservedness, etc. On the basis of these characteristics they judge people as strong or weak personalities, good and bad personalities, etc.
In this way we all make personality judgments about the people we know. A major part of coming to understand ourselves is developing a sense of what our personality characteristics are. We even form impressions about personalities of people we do not know, but have only read about. As we shall see, these everyday uses of the term are quite different from the meaning psychologists give to the term personality.
The term personality has been derived from a Latin word ‘persona’- means ‘mask’. In olden days, while playing dramas, in order to give good effects to the roles played by them, the Greek actors used to wear masks.
The psychologists continue to use the term personality to indicate that, the real or inner qualities of a person will be different from, that of the qualities seen apparently. Hence, defining and understanding the personality is not very easy as it appears. It is very difficult to define personality in a precise way. Different psychologists have defined personality in their own ways. Two comprehensive definitions widely accepted are quoted here under:
GW Allport defines that, ‘personality is the dynamic organisation, within the individual of those psychological systems that determine his unique adjustment to his environment’.
According to this definition the different psychological traits which determine the adjustment of the individual are organised into a dynamic (changeable or modifiable) unit. So there will be flexible adjustment with the environment.
Eysenck defines that, “personality is the more or less stable and enduring organisation of a person’s character, temperament, intellect and physique which determines his unique adjustment to the environment.”
Most of the definitions of personality have tried to Consider the totality of the person, that means, all the abilities, tendencies and other characteristics, both inherent as well as acquired, which are more or less consistent, and distinguishable from the people are included in the personality.
Personality is one of the most popular subjects in psychology, so it's no surprise that this broad area is rife with fascinating research topics. Are you looking for a great topic for a paper, presentation, or experiment for your personality psychology class? Here are just a few ideas that might help kick-start your imagination.
A Few Great Personality Research Topics
- How does temperament relate to creativity? Are people with certain temperaments more or less creative? For your project, you might try administering scales measuring temperament and creativity to a group of participants.
- Are certain personality traits linked to prosocial behaviors? Consider how traits such as kindness, generosity, and empathy might be associated with altruism and heroism.
- How do personality assessments compare? Consider comparing common assessments such as the Myers-Briggs Temperament Indicator, the Keirsey Temperament Sorter, and the 16PF Questionnaire.
- Do people tend to marry individuals with similar personalities?
- What impact does birth order have on personality? Are first-born children more responsible and are last-borns less responsible?
- Is there a connection between personality types and musical tastes? Do people who share certain personality traits prefer the same types of music?
- Are people who participate in athletics more likely to have certain personality characteristics? Compare the personality types of athletes versus non-athletes.
- Are individuals with high self-esteem more competitive than those with low self-esteem? Do those with high self-esteem perform better than those who are lower in self-esteem?
- Is there a correlation between personality type and the tendency to cheat on exams? Are people low in conscientiousness more likely to cheat? Are extroverts or introverts more liable to cheat?
- How do personality factors influence a person's use of social media such as Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter? Are individuals who use social media frequently more or less extroverted?
- How does Type A behavior influence success in school? Are people who exhibit Type A characteristics more likely to succeed?
- Is there a connection between a person's personality type and the kind of art they like?
- Do people tend to choose pets based on their personality types? How do the personalities of dog owners compare to those of cat owners?
Before You Begin Your Research
Once you find a suitable research topic, you might be tempted just to dive right in and get started. However, there are a few important steps you need to take first. Most importantly, be sure to run your topic idea past your instructor, particularly if you are planning to conduct an actual experiment with human participants. In most cases, you will need to gain your instructor's permission and possibly submit your plan to your school's human subjects committee to gain approval.
Getting Started With Research
Whether you are doing an experiment, writing a paper, or developing a presentation, background research should always be your next step. What research already exists on the topic? What have other researchers discovered? By spending some time reviewing the existing literature, you will be better able to develop your topic further.
Need some extra help? Be sure to check out our collection of resources below, including the steps you need to follow when performing an experiment, a guide to writing psychology papers, and advice for developing your psychology project.