Bibliography Reference Sheet

Our citation generator is great for automatically compiling your bibliographies, but it's still important you know the process of creating a bibliography manually, and the reasons why citing your sources is necessary.

For these reasons we have prepared the following set of guides to assist you:

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  • Acta Pharmaceutica style
  • African Zoology style
  • AIDS style
  • American Journal of Health Behavior style
  • American Psychological Association 6th edition (Spanish/Español) style
  • Asian Studies Review style
  • Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica style
  • Biochemical Journal style
  • American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics style
  • Biophysical Journal style
  • American Journal of Agricultural Economics style
  • BioTechniques style
  • Building Structure (Chinese) style
  • Carcinogenesis style
  • Cell style
  • American Journal of Botany style
  • ACM SIG Proceedings ("et al." for 3+ authors) style
  • ACM SIGGRAPH style
  • ACM SIG Proceedings ("et al." for 15+ authors) style
  • Advances in Alzheimer's Disease style
  • American Chemical Society (page-first) style
  • American Chemical Society (with titles, no "et al.") style
  • Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae (Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences) (Swedish) style
  • American Journal of Surgical Pathology style
  • American Medical Association style
  • American Physiological Society style
  • Annals of Biomedical Engineering style
  • Annales. Histoire, Sciences sociales (French) style
  • Annals of Oncology style
  • Allergy style
  • American Institute of Physics style
  • Annual Review of Astronomy and Astrophysics style
  • Annual Review of Medicine style
  • American Psychological Association 6th edition (Université de Montréal) (French - Canada) style
  • American Psychological Association 6th edition (Provost) (French - Canada) style
  • Associação Brasileira de Normas Técnicas (Portuguese - Brazil) style
  • Australian Historical Studies style
  • Annual Review of Nuclear and Particle Science style
  • Biochemical Society Transactions style
  • Avian Diseases style
  • Babes-Bolyai University - Faculty of Orthodox Theology (Romanian) style
  • Acta Polytechnica style
  • Biological Psychiatry style
  • Alternatives to Animal Experimentation style
  • BioMed Central style
  • Clinical Microbiology and Infection style
  • Bluebook Inline style
  • BMJ style
  • Applied Spectroscopy style
  • Chest style
  • Chinese Std GB/T 7714-2005 (author-date, Chinese) style
  • Arachne style
  • Archéologie médiévale (French) style
  • Chinese Std GB/T 7714-2005 (numeric, Chinese) style
  • British Journal of Cancer style
  • Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research style
  • American Journal of Human Genetics style
  • Clinical Otolaryngology style
  • Council of Science Editors, Citation-Name (numeric, sorted alphabetically) style
  • Asia & the Pacific Policy Studies style
  • Chemical Senses style
  • Chicago Manual of Style 16th edition (figures and illustrations) style
  • AMBIO style
  • American Journal of Political Science style
  • Chicago Manual of Style 16th edition (full note) style
  • Conservation Biology style
  • Decision Sciences style
  • ACM SIGCHI Proceedings style
  • American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine style
  • Chicago Manual of Style 16th edition (note) style
  • Acta Philosophica style
  • Current Protocols journals style
  • American Geophysical Union style
  • American Journal of Medical Genetics style
  • American Chemical Society style
  • Clays and Clay Minerals style
  • American Medical Association (sorted alphabetically) style
  • American Medical Association (no URL) style
  • American Phytopathological Society style
  • American Meteorological Society style
  • DIN 1505-2 (numeric, German) style
  • Ear and Hearing style
  • Économie et Statistique (French) style
  • Acta Societatis Botanicorum Poloniae style
  • American Society of Civil Engineers style
  • American Anthropological Association style
  • American Psychological Association 6th edition (no DOIs, no issue numbers) style
  • American Journal of Archaeology style
  • American Fisheries Society style
  • American Journal of Neuroradiology style
  • Deutsches Archäologisches Institut style
  • Arachnology style
  • American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, Soil Science Society of America style
  • American Sociological Association style
  • Cellular Reprogramming style
  • BibTeX generic citation style style
  • Biological Journal of the Linnean Society style
  • Coral Reefs style
  • Corrosion style
  • Biological Reviews style
  • Bluebook Law Review style
  • Ecosystems style
  • Elsevier (numeric, with titles, sorted alphabetically) style
  • DIN 1505-2 (alphanumeric, German) style
  • American Journal of Clinical Pathology style
  • Brazilian Journal of Botany style
  • Equine Veterinary Education style
  • Cell Transplantation style
  • Equine Veterinary Journal style
  • Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata style
  • Critical Care Medicine style
  • Federation of European Microbiological Societies style
  • Acta Ophthalmologica style
  • Deutsche Gesellschaft für Psychologie (German) style
  • American Journal of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics style
  • Ameghiniana style
  • American Political Science Association style
  • Die Bachelorarbeit (Samac et al.) (note, German) style
  • Fish and Fisheries style
  • American Society of Mechanical Engineers style
  • Drug Testing and Analysis style
  • Ethics (for book reviews) style
  • Free Radical Research style
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition style
  • Clay Minerals style
  • Collection du Centre Jean-Bérard (French) style
  • Geistes- und Kulturwissenschaften (Heilmann) (German) style
  • Early Medieval Europe style
  • Annals of the Association of American Geographers style
  • Ekonomie a Management (Czech) style
  • Aquatic Living Resources style
  • Associação Brasileira de Normas Técnicas - Universidade Federal do Paraná (Portuguese - Brazil) style
  • Genèses: Sciences sociales et histoire (French) style
  • Global Ecology and Biogeography style
  • Elsevier Harvard (with titles) style
  • FOLD&R (Fasti On Line Documents & Research) style
  • Association for Computational Linguistics - Conference Proceedings style
  • Harvard - Anglia Ruskin University style
  • France (auteurs et al., auteur-date, French) style
  • G3: Genes, Genomes, Genetics style
  • Biochimica et Biophysica Acta style
  • Harvard - Cardiff University style
  • ACM SIGCHI Proceedings - Extended Abstract Format style
  • Geopolitics style
  • Harvard - AGPS (Australia) style
  • Harvard - Durham University Business School style
  • Biotropica style
  • British Journal of Political Science style
  • Harvard - Imperial College London style
  • Ethnobiology and Conservation style
  • British Journal of Surgery style
  • Harvard - Institut für Praxisforschung (Bahr & Frackmann) (German) style
  • Acta Naturae style
  • Acta Palaeontologica Polonica style
  • Harvard - London South Bank University style
  • BYZANTINA SYMMEIKTA style
  • Harvard - Leeds Metropolitan University style
  • Advanced Functional Materials style
  • Ecological Entomology style
  • Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press style
  • Harvard - University of Cape Town style
  • Harvard - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador (Spanish) style
  • American Chemical Society (with titles, sentence case) style
  • Harvard - University of Kent style
  • Harvard - University of Greenwich style
  • Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien style
  • De Buck (Dutch) style
  • Ecology Letters style
  • Arthritis & Rheumatism style
  • Harvard - University of Leeds style
  • Harvard - University of the West of England (Bristol) style
  • Emu - Austral Ornithology style
  • Arzneimitteltherapie style
  • Academy of Management Review style
  • Hong Kong Journal of Radiology style
  • DIN 1505-2 (numeric, sorted alphabetically, German) style
  • Human-Wildlife Interactions style
  • Entomological Society of America style
  • Associação Brasileira de Normas Técnicas - Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (Portuguese - Brazil) style
  • Aging Cell style
  • Annals of Neurology style
  • DNA Research style
  • Earth Surface Processes and Landforms style
  • European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases style
  • IICA-CATIE (Spanish) style
  • International Journal of Humanoid Robotics style
  • European Journal of Information Systems style
  • Ecology style
  • Environment and Planning style
  • Associação Brasileira de Normas Técnicas - Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais - FACE (Autoria abreviada. Exemplo: MENDES, J.) (Portuguese - Brazil) style
  • Anticancer Research style
  • American Journal of Primatology style
  • Evolutionary Anthropology style
  • European Cells & Materials style
  • Australian Veterinary Journal style
  • Emerald journals (Harvard) style
  • European Journal of Human Genetics style
  • European Journal of Pain style
  • Frontiers in Optics style
  • European Journal of Ophthalmology style
  • Associação Brasileira de Normas Técnicas - Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora (Portuguese - Brazil) style
  • ISO-690 (author-date, Czech) style
  • Boreal Environment Research style
  • Freie Universität Berlin - Geographische Wissenschaften (German) style
  • Israel Medical Association Journal style
  • Avian Pathology style
  • Biochemistry style
  • Bulletin of Marine Science style
  • Jahrbuch für evangelikale Theologie (German) style
  • Gallia (French) style
  • Genes to Cells style
  • Harvard - Cape Peninsula University of Technology style
  • Journal for the History of Astronomy style
  • Chicago Manual of Style 16th edition (author-date, Basque) style
  • Harvard (German/Deutsch) style
  • Health Services Research style
  • Global Change Biology style
  • ACS Nano style
  • Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica style
  • Chroniques des activités archéologiques de l'Ecole française de Rome (French) style
  • Journal of Bone and Mineral Research style
  • History and Theory style
  • Administrative Science Quarterly style
  • Harvard - Staffordshire University style
  • Journal of Fish Diseases style
  • Brain style
  • Canadian Public Policy style
  • Database style
  • Diatom Research style
  • Anesthesia and Analgesia style
  • Journal of Internal Medicine style
  • Histoire & Mesure (French) style
  • Annual Reviews (author-date) style
  • Journal of Management Information Systems style
  • Hydrobiologia style
  • International Journal of Cancer style
  • Human Brain Mapping style
  • EMBO reports style
  • Engineering in Life Sciences style
  • Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma style
  • Archaeometry style
  • Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie style
  • International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health style
  • Evolutionary Ecology Research style
  • Journal of Paleontology style
  • American Veterinary Medical Association style
  • ASAIO Journal (American Society for Artificial Internal Organs) style
  • Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine style
  • Fachhochschule Kiel - Fachbereich Medien (German) style
  • International Journal of Wildland Fire style
  • Journal of Roman Archaeology (A) style
  • BioMed Research International style
  • Infoclio (German - Switzerland) style
  • Information Systems Research style
  • ISO-690 (author-date, French) style
  • Annual Reviews (sorted by order of appearance) style
  • American Psychological Association 6th edition (curriculum vitae, sorted by descending date) style
  • Forest Science style
  • Geology style
  • Campus adventiste du Salève - Faculté adventiste de théologie (French) style
  • Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery style
  • Institute of Physics (numeric) style
  • Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute style
  • Hypotheses in the Life Sciences style
  • Cerebral Cortex style
  • Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (Spanish) style
  • International Microbiology style
  • ISO-690 (note, no abstract, French) style
  • Journalistica (Danish) style
  • Language in Society style
  • American Psychological Association 6th edition (French/Français) style
  • American Psychological Association 6th edition (Italian/Italiano) style
  • Council of Science Editors, Citation-Sequence (numeric) style
  • ICES Journal of Marine Science style
  • Les Journées de la Recherche Porcine (French) style
  • Invertebrate Systematics style
  • Journal of Atrial Fibrillation style
  • Limnology and Oceanography style
  • Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation style
  • Endocrine Press style
  • Environmental Conservation style
  • Indian Journal of Medical Research style
  • Anesthesiology style
  • Antarctic Science style
  • Journal of Avian Biology style
  • ergoscience style
  • European Journal of Soil Science style
  • Australian Journal of Earth Sciences style
  • London South Bank University (numeric) style
  • Institut national de la recherche scientifique - Sciences sociales (author-date, French) style
  • Cellular and Molecular Bioengineering style
  • Harvard style
  • Harvard - City University London style
  • Evolution & Development style
  • Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia style
  • European Journal of Political Research style
  • Acta Materialia style
  • American Chemical Society (author-date) style
  • Interdisziplinäre Zeitschrift für Technologie und Lernen (German) style
  • Fachhochschule Vorarlberg (German) style
  • Centaurus style
  • Chicago style
  • Manuel canadien de la référence juridique 7e édition (Guide McGill, French - Canada) style
  • Microscopy and Microanalysis style
  • Journal of Common Market Studies style
  • Chicago Manual of Style 16th edition (library list) style
  • ISO-690 (note, without bibliography, Czech) style
  • ISO-690 (numeric, brackets, Czech) style
  • Middle East Critique style
  • International Journal of Climatology style
  • France (tous les auteurs, numérotation, French) style
  • Freshwater Biology style
  • American Journal of Plant Sciences style
  • National Archives of Australia style
  • Journal of Computational Chemistry style
  • Georg-August-Universität Göttingen - Institut für Ethnologie und Ethnologische Sammlung (German) style
  • Journal of Applied Philosophy style
  • Cuadernos de Filología Clásica. Estudios Griegos e Indoeuropeos (autor-año, Spanish) style
  • Neuropsychopharmacology style
  • International Journal of Exercise Science style
  • Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics style
  • American Mineralogist style
  • Journal of Elections, Public Opinion & Parties style
  • American Psychological Association 5th edition style
  • American Psychological Association 6th edition (single-spaced bibliography) style
  • Eye style
  • Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment style
  • Current Opinion journals style
  • Épidémiologie et Santé Animale style
  • Acta Neurochirurgica style
  • OSCOLA (Oxford University Standard for Citation of Legal Authorities) style
  • Paleobiology style
  • Political Studies style
  • Annals of Botany style
  • Antiquity style
  • International Organization style
  • Pontifical Biblical Institute style
  • Journal of Hypertension style
  • Hamburg School of Food Science (diploma, German) style
  • American Psychological Association 6th edition (Turkish) style
  • Associação Brasileira de Normas Técnicas (note, Portuguese - Brazil) style
  • Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry style
  • Journal of Integrated OMICS style
  • Clio Medica style
  • Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift (German) style
  • ANPET - Congresso de Pesquisa e Ensino em Transportes (Portuguese - Brazil) style
  • Revue des Nouvelles Technologies de l'Information (French) style
  • Journal of Hearing Science style
  • Australian Journal of Grape and Wine Research style
  • European Union Interinstitutional Style Guide style
  • Advances in Complex Systems style
  • Harvard - Manchester Business School style
  • Avian Conservation and Ecology style
  • Fertility and Sterility style
  • Harvard - Gesellschaft für Bildung und Forschung in Europa (German) style
  • Hydrological Sciences Journal style
  • Romanian Humanities (Romanian) style
  • Journal of Morphology style
  • Health Policy and Planning style
  • Ingeniería Agrícola (Spanish) style
  • Ausonius Éditions (French) style
  • Chinese Std GB/T 7714-1987 (numeric, Chinese) style
  • Histoire@Politique. Politique, culture, société (French) style
  • International Journal of Lexicography style
  • Austrian Legal (German - Austria) style
  • Bioinformatics style
  • Clinical Nuclear Medicine style
  • American Chemical Society (with titles) style
  • Journal of Petrology style
  • International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics style
  • Biotechnology and Bioengineering style
  • Environmental & Engineering Geoscience style
  • Geological Magazine style
  • International Pig Veterinary Society Congress Proceedings style
  • Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences style
  • Insectes Sociaux style
  • International Journal of Epidemiology style
  • Investigative Radiology style
  • Cite Them Right 10th edition - Harvard style
  • CNS & Neurological Disorders - Drug Targets style
  • American Heart Association style
  • Chicago Manual of Style 16th edition (author-date, German) style
  • Current Proteomics style
  • Environmental Microbiology style
  • International Union of Crystallography journals style
  • Clinical Infectious Diseases style
  • Journal of Neuroscience and Neuroengineering style
  • International Journal of Sport Medicine style
  • Harvard - Manchester Metropolitan University style
  • Body & Society style
  • British Journal of Anaesthesia style
  • American Journal of Epidemiology style
  • Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science style
  • Inter-Research Science Center style
  • Journal of Simulation style
  • Journal of Aerosol Medicine and Pulmonary Drug Delivery style
  • Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy style
  • ISO-690 (author-date, English) style
  • Journal of Adolescent Health style
  • Disability and Rehabilitation style
  • Journal of Evolutionary Biology style
  • Journal of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering style
  • Journal of Animal Science style
  • France (auteurs et al., numérotation, French) style
  • Geografie Sborník ČGS (Czech) style
  • Conservation Letters style
  • KTH Royal Institute of Technology - School of Computer Science and Communication style
  • Harvard - Oxford Brookes University - Faculty of Health and Life Sciences style
  • Journal of Dental Research style
  • American Medical Association (no "et al.") style
  • ISO-690 (author-date, Spanish) style
  • Microbial Drug Resistance style
  • Drugs of Today style
  • Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean style
  • Journal of Neurosurgery style
  • American Phytopathological Society (numeric) style
  • El profesional de la información (Spanish) style
  • Journal of Industrial Ecology style
  • Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry style
  • Journal of Perinatal Medicine style
  • Annual Reviews (sorted alphabetically) style
  • Harvard - University of Gloucestershire style
  • Future Science Group style
  • Journal of Separation Science style
  • Annual Reviews (sorted by order of appearance, without titles) style
  • Harvard - University of Sunderland style
  • Environmental Health Perspectives style
  • Journal of Mammalogy style
  • American Psychological Association 6th edition style
  • Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems style
  • Conservation Physiology style
  • Harvard - Swinburne University of Technology style
  • Journal of the American College of Surgeons style
  • Geoarchaeology style
  • Grasas y Aceites style
  • Copernicus Publications style
  • Harvard - The University of Northampton style
  • Manchester University Press monographs style
  • Journal of Forensic Sciences style
  • Journal of the American Association of Laboratory Animal Science style
  • Heredity style
  • Human Reproduction style
  • Inflammatory Bowel Diseases style
  • Journal of Infectious Diseases style
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society style
  • Irish Historical Studies style
  • Elsevier Vancouver style
  • Journal of Nutrition style
  • Les Journées de la Recherche Avicole (French) style
  • European Respiratory Journal style
  • IEEE (with URL) style
  • Infoclio (sans majuscules, French) style
  • Austral Ecology style
  • Biometrics style
  • Medical Physics style
  • Mineralogical Magazine style
  • ISO-690 (numeric, parentheses, Czech) style
  • Sascha Foerster - Geisteswissenschaft (German) style
  • ISO-690 (full note, Slovak) style
  • Molecular Microbiology style
  • Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience style
  • Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions style
  • McDonald Institute Monographs style
  • Nature Neuroscience (brief communications) style
  • Javnost - The Public style
  • Harvard - Bath University style
  • Molecular Therapy style
  • Journal of the American Water Resources Association style
  • Modern Language Association 6th edition (note) style
  • Frontiers journals style
  • Frontiers in Physics style
  • Journal of Analytical Toxicology style
  • Journal of Spinal Disorders & Techniques style
  • Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta style
  • Mohr Siebeck - Recht (German - Austria) style
  • British Journal of Dermatology style
  • Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research style
  • Journal of Basic Microbiology style
  • Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research style
  • Harvard Reference format 7 (author-date, German) style
  • Bournemouth University - Harvard style
  • Molecular Plant style
  • Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair style
  • Nature (no "et al.") style
  • New Phytologist style
  • Forensic Science Review style
  • Chicago Manual of Style 16th edition (full note, no Ibid.) style
  • Obesity style
  • Pädagogische Hochschule Heidelberg (German) style
  • Harvard - Newcastle University style
  • Pediatric Anesthesia style
  • Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology style
  • Culture, Medicine, and Psychiatry style
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America style
  • SAGE Harvard style
  • Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology style
  • Journal of the American Ceramic Society style
  • New Solutions style
  • Nucleic Acids Research style
  • Freshwater Science style
  • DIN 1505-2 (author-date, German) style
  • Diplo style
  • Journal of Tropical Ecology style
  • Journal of Investigative Dermatology style
  • Harvard - The University of Sheffield - School of East Asian Studies style
  • Plant Physiology style
  • Population, Space and Place style
  • Journal of Management style
  • Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing style
  • Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis style
  • Harvard - The University of Sheffield - Town and Regional Planning style
  • Palaeontologia Electronica style
  • Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association style
  • Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health style
  • Psychiatry Research style
  • British Journal of Haematology style
  • Journal of the American Society of Nephrology style
  • Écoscience style
  • Environmental Chemistry style
  • Le Mouvement Social (French) style
  • Harvard - University of Technology, Sydney style
  • The Journal of Biological Chemistry style
  • Journal of Vegetation Science style
  • Quaderni degli Avogadro Colloquia style
  • European Society of Cardiology style
  • Journal of Transport Geography style
  • Kindheit und Entwicklung style
  • Revista de Biología Tropical (International Journal of Tropical Biology and Conservation) style
  • Evolution style
  • Flavour and Fragrance Journal style
  • Chicago Manual of Style 16th edition (note, annotated bibliography) style
  • Free Radical Biology & Medicine style
  • Guide des références pour la rédaction juridique 7e édition (Guide Lluelles, French - Canada) style
  • Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz style
  • History of the Human Sciences style
  • médecine/sciences style
  • Moorlands College style
  • Journal of Medical Genetics style
  • International Labour Organization style
  • OSCOLA (Oxford University Standard for Citation of Legal Authorities) (no Ibid. and "(n__)") style
  • Oxford University Press HUMSOC style
  • Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine style
  • Journal of Medical Internet Research style
  • Philosophiques (French) style
  • Radiopaedia.org style
  • Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine style
  • SAGE Vancouver style
  • Scandinavian Political Studies style
  • Circulation style
  • Council of Science Editors, Name-Year (author-date) style
  • Journal of Rheumatology style
  • Frontiers medical journals style
  • Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie (German) style
  • Gastroenterology style
  • Genome Biology and Evolution style
  • Harvard - University of Abertay Dundee style
  • Harvard - King's College London style
  • Séminaire Saint-Sulpice - Ecole Théologie (French) style
  • Language style
  • Modern Humanities Research Association 3rd edition (note with bibliography) style
  • Journal of Neurotrauma style
  • Modern Language Association 7th edition (German/Deutsch) style
  • Nature style
  • Nature (no superscript) style
  • New Zealand Plant Protection style
  • Molecular Biology of the Cell style
  • Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons style
  • Journal of Applied Ecology style
  • Nature Publishing Group Vancouver style
  • Korean Journal of Anesthesiology style
  • Harvard - University of Hull style
  • Harvard - University of Birmingham style
  • Northeastern Naturalist style
  • Russian GOST R 7.0.5-2008 (Russian) style
  • Human Resource Management Journal style
  • Cytometry style
  • Elsevier Harvard 2 style
  • Elsevier (numeric, without titles) style
  • Journal of the American College of Cardiology style
  • Natureza & Conservação (Brazilian Journal of Nature Conservation) (Portuguese - Brazil) style

Ultimate Citation Cheat Sheet

The ultimate citation cheat sheet combines APA, MLA 8 and Harvard referencing formats and examples for different source types into one, easy to use document. Download the cheat sheet here: Ultimate Citation Cheat Sheet

Visit our APA, MLA 8 or Harvard specific referencing guides for a more specific and in depth coverage the citation types and rules. For information on referencing websites visit our How to Cite a Website page.

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1. Core Components of a Reference: APA

This basic structure is adapted to fit different sources through the addition and omission of or making changes to components.

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2. Core Components of a Reference: MLA 8

These are the core components of an MLA 8 works-cited list reference. This is adapted to cite different sources through the addition and removal of or making changes to some components.

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3. Core Components of a Reference: Harvard

This is the basic format of a Harvard reference list reference. Components are altered, added or removed to adapt this structure to fit different sources.

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